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Friday, 9 June 2017

In Memory of Arthur Robert Titheradge died at Ypres 9 June 1917


Today, 9 June 2017, let us remember Arthur Robert Titheradge Gunner in the Royal Garrison Artillery 234th Siege Battery who died 100 years ago today in the First World War, the only member of the Titheradge branch of the family to die in World War One.  


This is the story of Arthur and his family.


Arthur’s Parents and Siblings 

Arthur Titheradge was the eldest son of Robert Arthur Titheradge and Alice Amelia Marion Viney.  He was one of seven children, five of whom reached adulthood.  The picture to the left is the only picture we have of Arthur, it was taken around 1900 and shows Robert and Alice with 4 of their children, Arthur is top right.  The family lived in London and all the children were all born in Paddington area.  The children were

Arthur Robert Titheradge born 2 February 1887, died 9 June 1917 in Ypres, France.
William Charles Titheradge born 10 July 1888, died September 1963 in Cuckfield, Sussex. 
Walter James Titheradge born 31 May 1890; died aged 2 in September 1892 in Paddington.
Laura Marion Titheradge born 10 July 1893, London; died when less than a year old in March 1894.
Dorothy Alice Titheradge born 11 July 1896, died December 1977 in Paignton, Devon.
Eric George Titheradge born 5 July 1898, died in 1957 in Simonstown, South Africa.
Winifred Marion Titheradge was born 18 August 1902, she died in 1955. 

Robert and Alice and family moved around the Paddington area of London on a regular basis. 
1886 Robert and Alice were residing at 4 Caroline Place, Bayswater when they married.
1887 at Arthur’s birth the family were living at 172 Queens Road.
1890 at Walter’s birth, the family had moved to 41 Caroline Place.
1891 on the census Robert and Alice and three children are living at 86 Westbourne Park Road, Paddington, 
1896 at Dorothy’s birth, they were at 186 Queens Road Paddington.  They were still at this address on the 1911 census.
1914 Robert and Alice have moved to 20 Grosvenor Avenue East Sheen, but are still keeping the property in Queens Road as a business premises. 

Robert started working life in the Royal Navy leaving in 1885.  After leaving the navy In 1887 his occupation was given as caretaker but by 1890 it had changed to stationer.  By 1891 he is a bookseller and is known to have also sold ecclesiastical goods and books at his shop at 186 Queens Road.  By 1910 he also published books, evidenced by a book recently on sale on eBay “100 Photographs of London published by Titheradge of 186 Queen’s Road”.  There is picture available on the web of an advertising bookmark which referred to Titheradge and Co as bookbinders, book sellers and stationers.  The bookmark advertises Onoto fountain pens at a cost of ten shillings and six pence.  Robert was known to be a friend and business neighbour of William Whiteley founder of the William Whiteley Limited retailers whose department store became the Whiteleys shopping centre. 

Robert died aged 54 on 19 September 1915 leaving £553 6s 3d in his will, his widow Alice lived another 28 year dying in 1943.


Arthur’s life before the army

Arthur attended St Matthews National School in Westminster for junior boys.  He was admitted on 20 October 1890 aged 3 years and 9months.  He had left school by the time he was 15 and in 1902 was appointed as a boy clerk for the Postal Service Savings Bank.  In February 1907 he was appointed as an assistant clerk working for the Board of Education. 

From my research I get the impression that Arthur had grown up in a very intellectual family with a much better education than the average family of the time.  The family appear to have a great love of books, they are greatly involved in the church and are very talented musically.  Both Arthur and his brother William are both known to play the organ and William also studied music.  All this is quite an achievement considering Robert was educated in the “Orphan Working School” in Maitland Park after the death of his father who was a painter (decorator).

Arthur met his wife Mabel Catherine Bramley at church, where he was the organist and she sang in the choir.  Twenty four year old Robert married Mabel on 6 September 1911 at the parish church of St Matthews Bayswater, at the time of the wedding he was living at 39 Bank Place, Bayswater.  His brother William was witness at the wedding.

Just over a year later Arthur and Mabel’s daughter Enid Marion Titheradge was born on 10 November 1912.


Arthur’s Military Service - World War 1

Arthur was 29 when he was called up to the army to fight in World War one.  On 1 June 1916 he enlisted for the duration of the war.  On his enrollment papers he was described as being five foot six and three quarters with a 36 inch chest.  He joined the Royal Garrison Artillery with the rank of gunner.  During his training in 1916 he passed signalling on 1 September and signalling telephoning on 18 September both first class passes. He became part of the 234th Siege battery.  Siege batteries were deployed behind the front line and tasked with destroying enemy artillery, supply routes, railways and stores. Siege Batteries were equipped with heavy Howitzer guns sending large calibre high explosive shells in high trajectory.  The Siege Batteries were most often employed in destroying or neutralising the enemy artillery, as well as putting destructive fire down on strongpoints, dumps, store, roads and railways behind enemy lines. 

Arthur was posted to France on 25 January 1917.  He sailed from Southampton and arrived at Le Havre on 26 January 1917. He was to spend just 134 days in France and Belgium, 38 days of which he was injured and in hospital.

His first injury was on 18 February when he was admitted to hospital. having been injured in the field. He spent a month on the wounded list until he was discharged to duty on 19 March 1917.  

Arthur re-joined the 234th siege battalion and on 1st June 1917 he was wounded in the field and admitted to hospital.  We are yet to find out exactly where he was fighting but according to his daughter Enid he was killed at Ypres.  I have found a record that the 234th siege battery were involved in action at Messines, Flanders on the 6th June, Messines being 6 miles south of Ypres.  The Battle of Messines took place on the 7th June 1917.  Another reference states that as a preliminary to the Battle of Messines there was artillery bombardment of the German Lines, beginning on 21 May, involving 2300 guns and heavy mortars, which was one of the heaviest artillery bombardment on the war.  It therefore seems likely the Arthur was involved in this action preliminary action.

Arthur’s records show that after his injury he was moved to The Canadian General Hospital at Etaples, France (near Boulogne) some 80 miles away from Ypres.  Injured soldiers were moved away from the front lines to the hospital. Etaples being a place selected for a hospital because it was relatively safe from attack and had railway access to the battlefields.  Robert died at Etaples of his wounds on 9 June 1917.  His service record does not state the nature of his wounds but the cemetery records say “died of wounds (gas)”.  He is buried in the Commonwealth War Graves cemetery at Etaples, Plot 25, Row H, Grave 268 a cemetery which contains 10,771 burials from World War 1.  

Arthur’s medal card shows that he was awarded two medals The Victory Medal and The British Medal.

Arthur’s daughter Enid had the memorial scroll commemorating her father.  Memorial scrolls were sent to the next of kin of those killed in action. It reads 
“He whom this scroll commemorates was numbered among those who, at the call of King and Country, left all that was dear to them endured hardness, faced danger, and finally passed out of the of men by the path of duty and self-sacrifice, giving up their own lives that others might live in freedom. Let those who come after see to it that his name be not forgotten

It appears the family did not know where Arthur was buried and in 1921 Arthur’s sister Dorothy wrote to the war graves commission to ask where her brother was buried, below is a scan of their reply.

Life for those left behind

Arthur’s widow Mabel Catherine was left with four and half year old Enid to bring up alone From Arthur’s will we know that he left £334 10s 2d.  We assume Mabel was reasonably well off as we have several share certificates belonging to her.  At the time of Arthur’s service she was living at 4 Park Lane Wallington Surrey and after his death at 7 Dalmore Road West Dulwich London.  

Three years after Arthur was killed on Mabel remarried to Sydney Herbert Clark on 18 December 1920 at the parish church of St Luke’s West Norwood London.  They lived in 140 Bingham Road, Addiscombe, Croydon in 1925 and in 1931 they were living in Holmfield, 6 Green Head Lane, Dalton, later moving to Rotherfield in East Sussex.

Enid did not know her father, she had been just three and a half when her father joined the army and four and a half when he died.  When her mother remarried Enid gained a step father who she adored and referred to him as “her beloved step father" and Sidney’s family treated her as if she was their own grandchild.  Enid went on to be a Prep School teacher and remained unmarried.  She died in 2004 aged 92.

If you can add anything to the story please get in touch by email or comment. 


Arthur's Memorial Scroll






Letter stating where Arthur is buried
Letter awarding Arthur's medals













Marriage certificate for Arthur and Mabel






Monday, 5 June 2017

From Titheridge to Titherage; from Hampshire to USA

Kilmeston, Hampshire
view of church gate and manor house
Titherage is not the commonest version of the family name.  In fact for many years I wasn’t aware of its existence, but the family name of Titherage can be found today in the USA.  You might assume that this branch of the family is descended from Titheradge but the family name can be traced back to the Titheridge family in Kilmeston, Hampshire. This blog traces the family journey from Kilmeston, Hampshire to Pontiac, Michigan, USA.

Life in England 1844 - 1881

Our story starts with James Titheridge born in the Hampshire village of Kilmeston in 1844.  Like most Titheridges he was descended from John Titheridge and Ann Quallat of Cheriton and was their five times great grandson.  James was christened on 2 June 1844 at Kilmeston and was one of nine children born to George Titheridge and Charlotte Winter in Kilmeston between 1835 and 1852.  James’ grandmother was Lidia Titheridge, of Kilmeston.  Shortly after George’s birth Lidia married William Bone and over the following years there was some confusion over her son’s George’s surname.  In some documents George was called George Bone including the 1851 census where George and his family were living in Kilmeston.  The confusion continues to the next generation when on the 1861 census James was referred to as James Bone, 16 years old and working as a carter on a farm in nearby Corhampton.  This sort of confusion makes family history a real challenging puzzle.

By 1869 25 year old James had started using his real surname of Titheridge; however he was no longer spelling it correctly and was now spelling it TITHERAGE.  James married Susan Ann Maller in Avening, Gloucester on 30 October 1869, he gave his occupation as a gardener living in Sunningwell, Berkshire.  On the 1871 census James, described as a groom, was visiting Henry and Sarah Goodenough in Bayworth Sunningwell Berkshire with wife Susan, who was a cook.

By 1875 James and Susan had moved from Berkshire to Devon and on 20 March 1875 James and Susan’s only son Hubert was born in Axminster, Devon.  His birth was registered with the surname spelt Titherage.

Life in Canada 1881 -1916

In 1881 James and Susan decided to emigrate to Canada.  The family sailed from Liverpool on 24 March 1881 on The Caspian a steamer belonging to the Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company.  They arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 37 days later.  James, Susan and Hubert appeared on the Canadian 1881 census living in Sandwich, Essex, Ontario.  They were still in Sandwich on the 1891 census when James is described a farmer and they continued to live in Sandwich until their death.  Susan died in Sandwich on 15 April 1898 aged 53 and James died 11 December 1916 aged 72 in Sandwich.  (I should add that it was extremely difficult to find Susan’s death as it has been transcribed as Tisherager)

James’ only son Hubert Titherage married Mary Ann Armstrong (called Minnie) on 18 June 1902 at nearby Walkerville, Essex, Ontario.  They had four children all born in Sandwich.

  • James Alexander Titherage born 1 June 1903
  • Katherine Louise Titherage born 4 July 1904
  • A baby girl born 11 December 1906 who died aged 1 day
  • Edith Rose Titherage born 16 July 1908  

Minnie died on 26 November 1914 leaving Hubert with three children aged between 11 and 6.  Six years after Minnie’s death Hubert remarried to widow Rose Lafromboise on 29 November 1920 in Walkerville, Ontario.

Hubert’s and Minnie’s daughters both married, one remaining in Canada and one emigrating to USA.  Katherine married Harry Henry Duby on 31 October 1921 at Walkerville, Canada.  Edith emigrated to the USA on 30 July 1927 and married twice.  Her first marriage to Robert Yeske in Detroit on 11 May 1932 was an unhappy marriage and she was divorced on 9 June 1936 on grounds of extreme cruelty and non-support.  Edith’s second marriage was on 1 April 1939 in Angola, Indiana, USA to Joseph Degreef.

Hubert’s and Minnie’s son James Alexander continued to live and work in Sandwich until 1924

Life in USA 1924 - present

Sandwich, where the Titherages lived,  is a Canadian town that is very near the USA / Canada border which is less than 5 miles away, with a crossing point entering America at Detroit just the other side of the Detroit River. James Alexander Titherage made this crossing in 24 May 1924.  Immigration records show his border crossing from Canada to USA at Detroit, details include that James is 21 years old and his father is Herbert Titherage of 56 Windemere Road, Walkerville, Ontario and he was travelling to 226 Baldwin Street, Pontiac, Michigan.

Three years after his arrival in Pontiac James married Vivian Cecelia Coffey on 25 December 1927 at Flint, Genesee, Michigan. On the marriage records James is shown as a 24 year old machinist.  The US censuses show James and Vivian living in Pontiac and having 2 children.  James was described as a machinist in a factory in the 1930 census and pressman in rubber factory in 1940 census.

James and Vivian lived in Michigan until the 1980s.  James (born 1 June 1903) died 15 June 1988 while Vivian (born 23 August 1905) died 16 January 1985 in Waterford, Oakland Michigan.  They are buried together at Rochester Hills, in Oakland, Michigan.  A picture of their grave and be found on the Billion Graves website at the link below

     Click here for picture of James and Vivian's grave

This story is an interesting example of how a new version of a surname can be born.  

If you can add any further information about this story please email or add a comment to the post.

Saturday, 27 May 2017

Titheridge family of St Tudy

Village of St Tudy in Cornwall
St Tudy is not a name that you associate with the Titheridge family name. I did not even know where it was until I looked it up on a map and found it was a tiny village near Bodmin in Cornwall.

I first came across the name St Tudy many years ago when doing an Internet search for "Titheridge" and found a reference in an article on memories of St Tudy stating that one resident remembers that “The Clink in the village was a chemist shop, run by Mr Titheridge”. A more recent Internet search revealed reference to " A cherry tree planted in the church yard in memory of Lawrence Titheridge".

The unusual village name was memorable and one damp February day found my daughter and I on the A39 travelling between Tintagel and Newquay when we saw the road sign “St Tudy”. I couldn't resist making the 2 mile detour to the village.

The village was really pretty, although not looking at its best in my photographs on the very dull, cold, windy day. Between the showers I managed to walk around the village and take some photographs before the raindrops on my lens made further photography impossible and I retreated to the car for shelter (apologies therefore for not showing the village off to its best) .


The Clink at St Tudy
My first find was "The Clink" situated at the side of the church and by the war memorial. It is a rectangular building built in the 17th century. It was originally used as a church ales house, later used as a lock up (hence the name The Clink), later a school and now a community building . This is the building reportedly occupied by Mr Titheridge and his chemist shop, although this is unconfirmed and the date of this possible occupation is unknown.

In the churchyard, just by the church door, I found the cherry tree planted in memory of eleven year old Lawrence Titheridge. The original tree from 1952 was apparently replaced in 1975. Beneath the tree is a stone with the inscription.

“In loving memory of Lawrence Titheridge who died in this friendly parish December 31st 1952 aged 11 years. For such is the kingdom of heaven”

Further research has since revealed that Lawrence’s parents' ashes are scattered in the adjoining triangle which is reserved as a plot for the burial of cremated remains

So who was Lawrence Titheridge?
Who was Mr Titheridge?

A mystery I’m afraid. I have no reference to the birth of Lawrence Titheridge only a record of his death and no idea who his parents were. I have no reference to anyone with the surname Titheridge being born, marrying or dying in this part of Cornwall. My only clue is a reference in the Western Morning News newpapers of 1949 and 1950 to W Titheridge from St Breward, in the form of letters to the paper and his connection to the Labour Party.  St Breward is a parish 3 miles away from St Tudy.

Can you throw any light on this mystery?
What happened to young Lawrence who has been remembered with such a beautiful memorial, was he killed in an accident or by illness?
Who were Lawrence’s parents and where did they come from? for Cornwall is not the home of Titheridges.

Please get in touch if you can help solve this mystery.

If you are interested in the village of St Tudy I would recommend the following three links below which have been the sources for my research.

The Church at St Tudy

The Binding Stone - Memories of St Tudy

St Tudy History Group




Church yard at St Tudy
with cherry tree in memory of Lawrence Titheridge
Memorial Cherry Tree
in St Tudy's Churchyard





St Tudy Village
Church at St Tudy

Saturday, 24 December 2016

Christmas in Waltham Chase with the Titheridges

The Black Dog at Waltham Chase in 2015
A Titheridge Christmas

This post is about the Titheridges of Waltham Chase Hampshire and a description of how Christmas was spent 90 years.  These are some reminiscences from Val Grevitt, son of Hilda Grace Titheridge.  Val was born in 1916 so this account of Christmas is probably about 1927.

“My mother, whose maiden name was Titheridge, was one of 14 children, of whom only one died; Titheridge was a common name in the area. My grandfather Titheridge was a market gardener.  My grandfather had also been the licensee of the Black Dog Inn at Waltham Chase before I was born (probably between 1884 and 1899). Every Christmas the Titheridge clan gathered at this hostelry and much boozing and singing took place, whilst we children stuffed ourselves with fruit and nuts and ginger pop in an unlicensed room made available to us by the publican.”

This family gathering must have been of some size. Val's grandparents were Noah John Titheridge and his wife Amelia Gardener.  They had 14 children 13 of whom reached adulthood and all except one married.  There were 14 grandchildren with the Titheridge surname and 18 grandchildren with other surnames.  What a large family gathering that must have been 27 adults plus children! – No wonder they met at the pub!


Descendants of Noah John Titheridge

Noah John Titheridge (1858 -1929) was born in Swanmore By Droxford, Hampshire.  He married Amelia Gardener (1859-1940) in 1878 in Swanmore. Noah and Amelia had the following 14 children all born in Shedfield, There were 9 girls and 5 boys. Only 3 of the boys had children to carry on the family name. These are Noah's family:
  • Alice Jane Titheridge was born in December 1878. She married Charles John Edwards in December1898
  • Edith Florence Titheridge was born in Sep 1880. She married Frank Earwaker in December 1899
  • William Edward Titheridge was born in Mar 1883.  He married Beatrice Elizabeth Daysh in September 1909. They had two boys and a girl
  • Walter Charles Titheridge was born in December 1884.  He married Annie Elizabeth Pymer in December 1906 and then Annie E E Palk in March 1944. There was one son who died as a baby from the first marriage and one son from the second marriage.
  • Noah John Titheridge was born in December 1886.  He married Annie Louise Ferris in December 1913. They had seven boys and a girl
  • Frederick George Titheridge was born in December 1888 he remained a batchelor
  • Mabel Leah Titheridge was born in March 1890. She married Henry Charles Blake in September 1918.
  • Elsie Olive Titheridge was born on 30 Sep 1892. She married William H K Glasspool in June 1913
  • Reginald Hubert Titheridge was born 1894 and died 1894
  • Hilda Grace Titheridge was born on 10 April 1895. She married Albert Grevitt on 28 February 1914 in Shedfield, Hampshire. 
  • Lottie Ivy Titheridge was born on 4 January 1897.  She married Thomas Kynaston in June 1920 in Droxford, Hampshire.
  • Freda Flossie Titheridge was born in Dec 1898 She married George Greenaway in March 1919 in Droxford, Hampshire.
  • Audrey Dora Titheridge was born in Jun 1900. She married George Harry Titheridge in March 1919. They had one son
  • Dorothy Gladys Titheridge was born on 02 February 1902. She married Cecil John Vear in December1921

Last year I visited Shedfield and Waltham Chase.  The Black Dog is still there in Waltham Chase as shown in the photograph above.  One mile away in the Shedfield church yard are the graves of several Titheridges (some of which I found and photographed shown below).

If you are interested in this family you may like to follow this link Waltham Chase website which will take you to the website where the reminiscences of two Titheridges are recorded Noah's daughter, Doris Gladys Vear, (nee Titheridge) and Noah's grandson, Reginald Titheridge son of William and Beatrice. 

St John the Baptist Shedfield - Titheridge Graves
Annie Louise wife of Noah John Titheridge

Noah John Titheridge

William Edward Titheridge

Beatrice Elizabeth Titheridge

Dorothy Gladys Vear (nee Titheridge)




















 


Monday, 5 December 2016

Eglingham War Memorial

Eglingham in Northumberland is not a place you associate with the surname Titheridge.  It is a small village situated 7 miles north west of Alnwick and 40 miles north of Newcastle.  It is about 350 miles north of Winchester in Hampshire - so why did one of our Titheridge ancestors leave Hampshire in the 1910s and head to Northumberland where neither he nor his wife had any known relatives?

On the Eglingham village war memorial among the list of names is Arthur Titheridge.  Arthur was not a local and his name on the war memorial was a bit of a mystery to the locals.  Arthur was born in West Meon, lived in East Meon Hampshire and was killed in the Battle of the Falklands in 1914 aboard HMS Kent.  He is buried in Port Stanley in the Falklands, commemorated on East Meon War memorial,  and at Canterbury Cathedral as well as being mentioned on the Eglingham memorial.
Local historian and writer Janet Rice has researched the names on the Eglingham War Memorial and has published their stories on the website of the "North East Memorial Project".  Her article on Arthur Titheridge is well written and brilliantly researched.  Follow the links below to read more 



The article has made me ponder on the following questions which I am sure will remain unanswered.

Why did Arthur and Bertha go so far from home?
Where did Arthur’s eldest son Arthur George Roland live after his father died and mother move back south?
What happened to Arthur George Roland Titheridge after 1927? No death or marriage has been found for him in any country.
If you can additional information please get in touch.

Sunday, 13 November 2016

From Swanmore to Australia and Titheridge to Titheradge

St Mary and All Saints Church in Droxford

It was 1989 when we were contacted by an Australian interested in her family history.  Her request was simple – “could we help her find out more about her great grandfather Frederick Titheradge”.  The reply was not so simple - there was no Frederick Titheradge born anywhere around the right time or in the county she thought.  There was however a Frederick Titheridge who fitted the bill.  The research gradually built up the evidence until there was no doubt and indeed her ancestor was an …idge not an  …adge.  Our Australian friend was quite devastated at the news that her ancestor’s surname was not what she thought.  Frederick had been born, christened and joined the navy as  …idge but when he disembarked in Australian it became  .adge.  We cannot tell whether this error was because his accent made the name unclear, his writing made the surname unclear or whether he just couldn’t spell.  Whatever the cause our Titheridge emigrant produced a whole large family of Titheradges who still reside in Australia today.

This is the story of Frederick Titheridge alias Frederick Titheradge who settled in Australia in 1880.  Frederick was the four times Great grandson of John Titheridge and Ann Quallat who started the Titheridge family tree in Cheriton nearly 180 years before he was born.  Frederick was born on 29 July 1842 the fifth child of nine born to Richard Titheridge and Mary Ann Lasham in the Droxford area of Hampshire.  He was baptised on 25 September 1842 at Droxford.  The 1851 census showed Frederick at home with his parents and 6 siblings living at Swanmore near Droxford.  By the 1861 census Frederick was an Ordinary Seaman 2nd class recorded as aboard HMS Britannia in Portsmouth Harbour on the census

Frederick’s naval career is well documented and he rose to the rank of Stoker.  His naval record is summarised below
  •          HMS Agamemnon April 1860 to October 1862
  •          HMS Hawker October 1862 to February 1865
  •          HMS Narcissus March 1865 to July 1869
  •          HMS Asia July 1869 to November 1869
  •          HMS Rinaldo December 1869 to July 1872
  •          HMS Duke of Wellington July 1872 to December 1872
  •          HMS Asia January 1873 to May 1873
  •          HMS Pearl May 1873 to January 1877
  •          HMS Nymph January 1877 to January 1879
  •          HMS Wolverine January 1879 to January 1880

He was discharged from the navy on shore in Sydney on 16 January 1880 nearly 20 years after joining the navy.  He was described in navy records as 5 foot 7 inches tall, brown hair, blue eyes, a dark complexion with a scar on right hand.  His character was overall very good although there was one incident in 1865 in Cork noted as “Gaol for breaking leave”

After his arrival in Australia Frederick worked as an engine driver in the Australian railways.  In his obituary it says he was in charge of the locomotive water and pumps between Molong and Meranburn,

Just over a year after arriving in Australia Frederick married Martha Hannah Pritchard on 4 June 1881 at Narrandera, New South Wales Australia.  They had ten children, 7 boys and 3 girls, although Margaret may be a step child, or we may have the wrong year of birth. The children were
  •  Margaret born 1879in New South Wales; died 1964; married Samuel Coker in 1905
  • John Albert born 1882 in Narrandera, New South Wales; died 1892;  aged 10
  •  Frederick born 1884 in Narrandera, New South Wales; died 1938; married Phyllis Susannah Stewart in 1938; they had one girl and five boys
  •  Daniel born 1885 in Narrandera, New South Wales; died 1961; married Elsie May Eggington in  1912; they had one boy.
  •  Richard Joseph born 1888 in Narrandera, New South Wales; died 1969; married Mary Ann Kennerson 1917; They had one boy and two girls.
  •  Leonard Arthur born 1890 in Narrandera, New South Wales; died 1968; Rosina Devine 1912; they had five girls and three boys
  • George William born 1892 in Dubbo, New South Wales; died 1960; married Anastasia Florence Malcom in 1920; no known children
  • Henry David Alexandra born 1894 in Dubbo, New South Wales; died 1967; married Margaret Marr or Maher in 1920; they had two girls
  • Elsie Beatrice born 1895 in Dubbo, New South Wales; died 1972; married Gilbert Emmanuel Parkes in 1920
  • Rita Muriel born 1897 in Dubbo, New South Wales; died 1988; married Andrew Herman Baker in 1915
Frederick died 17 February 1914 in Molong, Orange New South Wales aged 71, his wife Martha, who was 18 years younger than him, lived another 29 years and died 16 September 1943 aged 82.  Frederick’s obituary appeared in the Molong Argus on 20 February 1914 and this tells us a lot about his life in Australia.

Obituary Mr. Frederick Titheradge

Once again it becomes our sad duty to record the passing of an old and highly respected resident of Molong.  We refer to Mr. Frederick Titheradge, who passed to the “great beyond" at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Coker, Orange, at 1.15 on Tuesday last, the immediate cause of death being senile decay.  Deceased was in his 72 year, having been born in 1842. He was a native of England.  Early in life he took to the sea, and served in the Royal Navy until he was about 35 years of age, then retiring.  (He was in receipt of an Imperial pension up to the time of his death.)  He landed in Australia 36 years ago, and immediately entered the New South Wales railway service, in which he remained until he was retired about a year ago.  Some 34 years ago, when stationed at Narrandera, he married Miss Martha Hannah Pritchard, who survives him.  The outcome of the union was ten children, nine of whom (six boys and three girls) are living.  They are, Frederick (Wellington), Daniel (East Maitland), Richard and George (Orange), Leonard and Harry (Molong), Mrs Coker and Misses Elsie andRita (Orange).  The deceased had been a resident of Molong for 18 years and up to some five weeks ago had enjoyed good health.  At the time mentioned Mrs Titheradge was in bad health, and the deceased was taking her to Sydney for treatment when he was taken ill.  On arrival in Sydney he grew steadily worse, and about a fortnight ago he was brought to Orange to his daughter's (Mrs Coker) residence.  All that could possibly be done to save the old gentleman's life was done, but without avail, and he gradually sank and passed peacefully away at the time stated, surrounded by all the members of his family.  The deceased was of a genial disposition, fond of his joke, and he was one who if he could not do a person a good turn, would never do a bad one, so that by his kindly and straight forward character he made hosts of staunch friends.  His one great hobby was vegetable gardening, and for many years, when living at the old pump house "Old Fred Titheradge's" (as he was familiarly called) garden was a sight worth seeing.  The funeral took place in Orange on Wednesday afternoon, the remains being interred in the Anglican portion of the general cemetery.  The service at the graveside was performed by the Rev. Canon Alldis, who went to Orange for that purpose.  The members of the M U. Oddfellows and Protestant Alliance marched in the funeral cortege, and the Oddfellows' burial service was read.  The Argus tenders its sympathy to the sorrowing widow and family in their great bereavement.

Obituary for Frederick’s wife Martha in 1943

Mrs. Martha H. Titheridge

One of the best known and most respected residents of the eastern portion of Orange, Mrs. Martha Hannah Titheradge, relict of the late Mr. Frederick Titheradge, passed peacefully away early on Thursday evening of last week at the home of her daughter, Mrs. A. H. Baker, of Edwards Street, Orange.  Mrs. Titheradge was a native of Sofala, an old mining field, and had reached the great age of 84 years.  For over 30 years Mrs. Titheradge had resided in Orange, having gone there from Molong, and for some years was highly regarded for the excellence of her catering for wedding parties and other big functions.  She was a devout member of Holy Trinity Church, regularly attending service until failing health confined her to her home.  Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Titheradge were married in St. Thomas' Church of England, Narandera, in 1878, the latter's parents being residents of the town at that time. Her husband predeceased her 30 years ago, and she is survived by the following family: Daniel (Fleming-ton), Richard (Orange), Len (Peak Hill), George (Narandera), Harry (Orange), Mrs. Coker (Burwood), Mrs. G. Parkes (Orange), and Mrs. A. H. Baker (Orange). There are 23 grandchildren and 20 great grand-children. Mrs. Titheradge is also survived by one sister (Mrs. Malone, Tottenham) and two brothers (Messrs, George and Albert Pritchard, of Tottenham and Queensland respectively).  After a service in Holy Trinity Church, the funeral moved to the Orange cemetery, where the interment was made in the Church of England section.


Tuesday, 1 November 2016

A Voyage from East Meon to a New Life in New Zealand

East Meon Parish Church


On 27 April 1874 the Euterpe sailed from London, England to Wellington, New Zealand arriving on 30 August 1874.  The voyage took 124 days, a very slow voyage even by the standards of the day.  The arrival in New Zealand was recorded in the local paper, The Evening Post, on 31 August 1874



“The ship Euterpe, 1,105 tons, Captain Phillips, which has been expected hourly during the last six weeks, at length arrived in this harbour last night after a long passage of 124 days. The delay partly has been caused by an accident to the condenser, which compelled her to put in to the Cape of Good Hope for water. She brings 410 immigrants, all in good health; two infants died during the voyage, and six births occurred. A seaman was washed overboard last week; no other serious mishap took place. Immediately on the ship being signalled, the agents, Messrs Turnbull and Co. at once, although it was Sunday, procured an ample supply of fresh meat and vegetables, collected the crew of the S.S. Stormbird, and sent her out to the Euterpe, which she towed safely in by 9 p.m. Messrs Turnbull and Co. deserve great praise for the thoughtfulness and promptitude with which they acted, which we have no doubt will be, duly appreciated both by the immigrants and the Government. The immigrants will not be landed until Wednesday. Sixty will be conveyed to Wanganui by the Stormbird this evening.”



In 1874 thousands of assisted migrants arrived in New Zealand, half coming with government assistance.  The Eutrepe spent a quarter of a century hauling emigrants to New Zealand before she was sold in 1893 and renamed The Star of India. She is now preserved in the San Diego Maritime Museum.  A picture of this magnificent ship can be found at the following link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_of_India_(ship)#/media/File:Starofindia.jpg


The 409 passengers recorded in the passenger list showed 142 males, 125 females, 66 boys, 59 girls and 17 infants.  Among the passengers are listed
James Tetheridge aged 34
Eliza Tetheridge aged 33
Eliza Tetheridge aged 18
Fanny Tetheridge aged 16
Robert Tetheridge aged 12
William Tetheridge aged 7
James Tetheridge aged 5
Frank Tetheridge aged 3
Harry Tetheridge aged 16 months

At the side is written Total Cost of Passage to the Government £101.10.

Also at the end of the passenger list are three miscellaneous entries under the heading “For advances outfit”.  One reads:-
James Tetheridge April 1874 £5 balance outfit money

I cannot imagine what it must have been like for James and Eliza aboard ship for over 4 months with seven children, four of them under 8 and Eliza must have been pregnant with her son who was born in December of that year. 

So what do we know about James and Eliza Titheridge who left England for a better life on the other side of the world?

James came originally from the village of East Meon in Hampshire. James’ grandfather was Thomas Titheridge (1774-1846).  Thomas married Jane Tee in East Meon where they settled and had six children including William Titheridge, James’ father (1805 -1866).  William married Elizabeth Lee in 1827 and they had fifteen children including James Titheridge born in 1840 in East Meon.

Through the census we can follow James’ life.  On the 1841 census James was 6 months old and living with his parents William and Elizabeth in East Meon, one of six children. By the 1851 census  James was 10 years old  and again living with his parents in Frogmore, East Meon, one of 7 children living at home. On the 1861 census James had left home and was lodging at a cottage in Wymering Farm Yard.   Over the next few years James’ occupations are recorded as agricultural labourer, carter or labourer.  

In 1865 James married Eliza Harfield, a widow, in Catherington.  Eliza’s maiden name was Rossey, she had previously been married to Thomas Harfield.  Thomas died in 1863 leaving her with three children Eliza, Fanny and Robert. The 1871 census shows James married to Eliza and they are living in Waterloo, Hampshire with their eldest three children plus two of Eliza’s children from her first marriage, .

James and Eliza had six children, only the eldest four were born in England and the last two were born in New Zealand.  The first four children were
William born 1866 in Waterloo Hampshire died 1895 in New Zealand
James Augustus born 1867 in Waterloo, Hampshire died  1951 in New Zealand
Frank born 1870 in Catherington, Hampshire died 1942 in New Zealand
Henry born 1872 in Catherington, Hampshire died 1952 in New Zealand

In 1874 James and Eliza sailed to New Zealand  where two more children were born.
Edward born December 1874 in Featherston, New Zealand died 1946. (His birth was registered as Edwin but he was married and died as Edward)
Louisa born 1877 in Geraldine, New Zealand died in 1907

The six Titheridge children all settled and married in New Zealand producing generations of Titheridges.
William, a labourer, married Rosetta Rowe in 1893 at Belfield, Orari and they had two girls.
James, a farmer, married Mary Ann Davidson in 1898 in Christchurch and had 2 boys and one girl.
Frank, a groom and gardener, married Ann Hill in 1904.
Henry, a farmer, married Nellie Matilda Johnson in 1902 and they had one boy one girl.
Edward, a labourer and farmer, married Isabella MacDonald in 1897 and they had and had two boys and two girls.
Louisa married William McDonald in 1902 and they had two girls.

Eliza and James enjoyed a good long life in their new country.  Eliza died in New Zealand in 1909 aged 72 and is buried in Geraldine Cemetery, while James lived until the age of 83 dying on 23 April 1923.


You may have noticed on the passenger list of the Euterpe the spelling of the surname is TETHERIDGE.  I do not know how many of the family kept this incorrect spelling and how many reverted back to TITHERIDGE.  The majority of descendants have definitely spelt the surname correctly but there were at least 8 births registered in the surname Tetheridge between 1901 and 1911.  Frank and Ann’s death and burial are recorded in the surname Tetheridge as is James and Mary’s wedding in 1900.  Searching the Internet I can only find one living individual with a surname of Tetheridge.  Also on the passenger list the three step children are called Tetheridge although their legal surname was Harfield.  I believe once in New Zealand they resumed the use of their legal name of Harfield.



I know there are many Titheridge descendants in New Zealand, many with a keen interest in genealogy.  If anyone would like to the add to the story by telling how their ancestors faired in this new world, or are able to clarify the surname used please add a comment below or send me an email.